It has the doubtful honor of ranking lowest in several gender equality charts describing the level of equality on a number of factors. In 2011 and the beginning of 2012 massive protests broke out
in several cities throughout the country, the Yemenis protesting against the poor economic conditions, the widespread corruption and against the Sana’a government and president Ali Abdullah Saleh, who had ruled the country for 33 years.
The president did not step down until February 2012, when a presidential election was held and vice president Abd Rabbi Mansur al-Hadi
won and was inaugurated president. In September 2014, the agreement in Yemen brokered by the GCC following the Arab Spring events of 2011 fell through.
After a short war that ended with the Houthi militia
entering Sana’a, the Houthi militia continues to hold positions at major check points and stays in control of key government offices and military posts. A Houthi offensive in Sana’a on January 19-20, 2015 resulted in the resignation of President Hadi and his cabinet while under house arrest.
*Higher education is the degree after achieving the high-school diploma