The Republic of Yemen was established in1990, when North Yemen and South Yemen united. The country is one of the poorest in the Middle East and is marked by unemployment and corruption.
It has the doubtful honor of ranking lowest in several gender equality charts describing the level of equality on a number of factors. In 2011 and the beginning of 2012 massive protests broke out in several cities throughout the country, the Yemenis protesting against the poor economic conditions, the widespread corruption and against the Sana’a government and president Ali Abdullah Saleh, who had ruled the country for 33 years. 
The president did not step down until February 2012, when a presidential election was held and vice president Abd Rabbi Mansur al-Hadi won and was inaugurated president. In September 2014, the agreement in Yemen brokered by the GCC following the Arab Spring events of 2011 fell through.
After a short war that ended with the Houthi militia entering Sana’a, the Houthi militia continues to hold positions at major check points and stays in control of key government offices and military posts. A Houthi offensive in Sana’a on January 19-20, 2015 resulted in the resignation of President Hadi and his cabinet while under house arrest.
There continues to remain a high threat of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) or other emerging extremist groups taking advantage of the situation. The ongoing violence and blockade have resulted in a humanitarian crisis with 20 million (or 80%) of Yemen’s 25 million population in need of humanitarian assistance.

Total population (2014 est.)


Female population


Total 0-14 years


Total 15-64 years


Total 64 years and over (2015 est.)


Life expectancy at birth (women)

64 years

Fertility rate

4.2 child born/woman

Total literacy rate


Total literacy rate among females


School life expectancy ( primary to tertiary education)

8 years
Female enrolment at higher education* Less than 1%
 *Higher education is the degree after achieving the high-school diploma