Tunisia achieved independency from France in 1956, and a one-party state was established by the president Habib Bourgiba. In 1987 Bourgiba was removed from power and replaced by Zine El Abidine Ben Ali

After a shorter period of massive popular uprisings president Ben Ali fled to Saudi Arabia on January 14 2011 after 23 years of ruling the country, and the successful Tunisian revolution sparked a wave of protests and regime changes in the Middle East. 

The first election after Ben Ali’s fall took place in 2011, appointing members to a Constituent Assembly assigned to rewrite Tunisia’s constitution. The Islamic party Ennahda won 41 percent of the total vote.

In the 2014 parliament elections, the secular, modernist party Nidaa Tounes won 85 seats in the 217-seat chamber. Women constituted roughly 47% of the candidates and were elected to 31.3% of the seats in the parliament.

In January 2014, Tunisia’s parliament officially adopted a new constitution, which now recognizes equality between men and women for the first time. In 2011, Tunisia removed all its specific reservations in the CEDAW convention.

   

Total population

11,117,000

Female population

5,625,202

Total 0-14 years

1,232,149

Total 15-64 years

3,865,006

Total 64 years and over (2015 est.)

451,346
   

Life expectancy at birth (women)

76 years

Fertility rate

2 child born/woman

Total literacy rate (2015 est.)

81.8%

Total literacy rate among females (2015 est.)

74.2%

School life expectancy ( primary to tertiary education, 2010)

15 years

Female enrolment at higher education*

42 %
 

*Higher education is the degree after achieving the high-school diploma