Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament, but the king since 1999, Mohammad VI, holds vast executive powers.

In February 2011, demonstrations broke out in many cities across the country, the protestors demanding a greater level of democracy and an end to government corruption.

The king responded to the protests by revising the constitution. Under the new constitution some powers were extended to parliament and the prime minister, but the king retains ultimate authority.

The latest Parliamentary elections in Morocco were held in November 2011, in which the Islamist party the Justice and Development Party (JPD) won the largest number of seats.

Although Morocco continued to be one of the more stable nations in the region in 2012, economic instability and unrest deepened as the year progressed due to the economic problems in Europe, high fuel and food costs, and an economic system dominated by the king and his economic and political elite.

The 2004 family code has been lauded for granting women increased rights in the areas of marriage, divorce, and child custody, and various other laws aim to protect women’s interests and Moroccan authorities have a relatively progressive view on gender equality, which is recognized in the 2011 constitution. However, women continue to face significant discrimination at the societal level.





Total population


Female population


Total 0-14 years (female)

4,342, 605

Total 15-64 years (female)


Total 65 years and over (female) (2015 est.)


Life expectancy at birth (women) (2013)

73 years

Fertility rate

2.7 children born/woman

Total literacy rate (2015)


Total literacy rate among females


School life expectancy ( primary to tertiary education) (2010)

11 years

Female enrolment at higher education*


*Higher education is the degree after achieving the high-school diploma