In 2011, after months of armed conflict between government loyal forces and forces opposing former president Moammar Gaddafi, the opponents succeeded in unseating Gaddafi, the dictator, who had ruled the country since 1969.
Gaddafi was eventually killed and Libya declared a free country on October 22, 2011. Opposing forces recognized the Libyan Transitional National Council as legitimate rule of Libya untilformal parliamentary elections were scheduled. 
Libyans voted in their first parliamentary elections since 1965 on July, 2012. More than 100 parties registered ahead of the balloting, which resulted in the creation of an interim, 200-member General National Congress to replace the National Transitional Council. 
Since the death of Gaddafi, a civil war has been going on between various government and militia groups. Under these circumstances, women’s rights are often discriminated against and their freedom of movement is limited because of the unstable security situation.
Increasing radicalization of Islam in certain parts of the country further increase discrimination with examples of enforced gender segregation at universities and enforcement of wearing head dress. 


Total population


Female population


Total 0-14 years


Total 15-64 years


Total 64 years and over


Life expectancy at birth (women, 2013)

77 years

Fertility rate (2012)

2.4 child born/woman

Total literacy rate (2015)


Total literacy rate among females  (2015)


School life expectancy ( primary to tertiary education, 2003)

16 years

Female enrolment at higher education


*Higher education is the degree after achieving the high-school diploma