Algeria gained independence from France in 1962 after a war with more than one million Algerian victims. A civil war broke  out between 1992 and the late 1990s, but since then the political violence has decreased.
 
The country’s president Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who came to power in 1999, still faces severe social and economic problems such as high unemployment rates, poverty and government corruption.
 
In the beginning of January 2011, popular protests broke out as a reaction to rising food prices and high unemployment. As a response the government introduced a number of reforms, including price reductions of basic foodstuff and lifting of restrictions on freedom of speech and assembly that in 1992 were imposed with the purpose of combating an Islamist insurgency.
 
Presidential elections were held on 17 of April 2014, and Abdelaziz Bouteflika was re-elected with 81.53% of the votes and thus entered his fourth term as president. 
 

   

Total population (2014 est)

39, 929,000

Female population

19, 844,713

0-14 years Total Female

5,547,573

15-64 years Total Female

12, 830, 648

65 years and over Tatal Female

1,138,767

 

   

Life expectancy at birth (women)

73 years  

Fertility rate

2.8 children born/woman  

Total literacy rate (2015)

95.59%  

Total literacy rate among females

73.1%    

School life expectancy ( primary to tertiary education) 

14 years

Female enrolment in higher education*

36%

*Higher education is the degree after achieving the high-school diploma